It is constructed between 1843-1856 during the reign of Sultan Abdülmacit. The architect of the Palace is Garabet Balyan. Palace, having an area with 110000 square meters with its garden, is composed of three main buildings as Selamlık, Reception Hall and Harem. Unlike other sultan palaces, Selamlık and Harem of the palace are in the same building. The most important section of the palace is Reception (Ceremony) Hall. This hall is famous with the droplight in the weight of 4,5 tons. Dolmabahçe Palace is a version of baroque and rococo art nouveau, developing in Europe in 19th Century in terms of the ornamentation and decoration. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk starts alphabet revolution works in Republic period here. Turkish Language Councils are organized between 1927-1937 and II. Turkish History Congress is organized in 1937 here. Moreover, Ataturk died in this palace. Dolmabahce Palace serves as a museum subject to Turkish Grand National Assembly National Palaces. Ihlamur Pavilion, located in Beşiktaş, is constructed by architect Nikogos Balyan by the order of Sultan Abdülmecit between 1849-1855.
Sultan Abdulaziz gets the palace constructed between 1863-1866. Plans and projects of the oakace are prepared by Nikagos Balyan, construction of the palace is made by his sons Sarkis and Agop Balyan. Palace, witnessing the important historical events, is burned in 1910. Palace structure, which is not used for long period and remains empty, is turned into hotel by restoring in the recent times.
It is composed of structures group, located on the hillside between Beşiktaş and Ortaköy and constructed in the various times. Structures, which are built during the reign of Sultan Abdülaziz and II. Abdülhamit, are constructed in the different style because they are the works of different architects. Great Mabeyn, Small Mabeyn, Cit Pavilion, Yaveranlar office, Arsenal and Harem structures and theatre are some of these structures. There are a lot of kiosk in the garden of palace. The most important one is Şale kiosk, which is constructed by the order of II. Abdülhamit in honor of German Emperor in 1889.
Bosphorus Bridge, which connects to continents to each other and is opened for transportation in 1973, and Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, which is opened for transportation in 1988, are located on Istanbul Strait. Waterside residences, which are the most magnificent models of civil architecture works, are stood in line along the coast at two sides of the Bosphorus.
Palace, which is located in Kuzguncuk in Anatolian side, is constructed by the order of sultan Abdülaziz between 1862-1865. The architect of the palace is Serkis Balyan. Palace with three floors is composed of harem and selamlik sections. Küçüksu Pavilion, located in Göksu, is constructed in 1857. Its inner ornament and decoration belongs to French Sechan. The architect of the pavilion is Nikogos Balyan.
Anatolian Fortress, which is also called Guzelcehisar or Akcahisar is constructed by the order of Yıldırım Bayezit in 1393. Fortress is strengthened w,th some additional strcutures during the reign of Mehmed the Conqueror.
It is constructed by the order of Mehmed the Conqueror in 1452. It is said that plan of fortress belongs to the architect Musliheddin Ağa. Three big towers in the fortress are constructed by the order of Halil Pasha, Saruca Pasha and Zaganos Pasha and they are called with their names. Walls and small towers, connected these towers to each other, are constructed under the survey of Istanbul, Saruca Pasha tower is turned into th state jailhouse. Fortress is abandoned because it losses its importance completely in 19th Century. It undergoes a great repair between 1953-1958 years. It is opened for public visits in 1958.
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