Edirne, which is a border city, is the gate of Turkey, which opens to Europe. Old name of Edirne, which is established by Roman emperor Hadrianus, is Hadrianopolis. Name of Edirne is derived from Hadrianapolis. First settlements in and around Edirne date back B.C. 4000 years. There is no important work, belonging to Roman and Byzantine periods, in the city. The city, which was conquered by Ottomans in 1363, becomes capital city until conquest of Istanbul. There are many works, belonging to Ottoman period, in the city. We can list them as follows. New palace and Fatih Bridge in Sarayiçi location, where Kırkpınar oil-wrestling are organized traditionally every year, Rüstempaşa Hostel, which is constructed by Sinan the Architect in 1561 inside the city and Ali Pasha Grand Bazaar, built in 1569 and also Ahmet Pasha Hostel, Ottoman Bazaar, Tashan, Yıldırım Bayezit Mosque, Old Mosque, Gazi Mihal Mosque and Bridge, II. Bayezit Mosque and Hospital and School of Medicine within a social complex; Mosque with three minaret balconies, built during the reign of II. Murat( 1421-1451) are some of the important works, located in the city.
However, the most important work in Edirne is Selimiye Mosque, which is the symbol of the city and located in a social complex and built by famous architect, Sinan the Architect between 1569-1575 for the name of Sultan II. Selim and also is called “this is a work of my mastership period” by Sinan the architect. Mosque has a wonderful appearance from afar with its dome in the diameter of 31,30m and with its four minarets. İznik tiles of 16th Century decorate the niche and Sultan Mess of the mosque.
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